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9 Things You Didn’t Know About Smoking
May 29, 2015
9 Things You Didn’t Know About Smoking

Source: Hindustan Times

Smoking affects your bone health

Want to keep fit? Get this straight: Your habit of holding that roll of toxins can ruin everything. Osteoporosis and smoking have a strong connection. Nicotine, carbon monoxide and other toxins can affect bone health. Adolescents and peri-menopausal women are at great risk.

Successive researches suggest that smoking increases muscular pain, mainly around the hips, knees and neck. This is because nicotine alters brain’s perception of pain.

Smoking makes your blood sticky 

Smoking increases blood pressure, heart rate and pulse rate. Here’s how it works: The carbon monoxide from the smoke reduces the blood’s capacity to carry oxygen to the heart and other organs, causing angina or chest pain, aneurysm, stroke and gangrene. It changes the properties of blood, making it stickier. The ill-effects of smoking don’t end here: Your addiction to nicotine alters the HDL cholesterol and other fatty substances level in the blood, increasing the chances of atherosclerosis (hardening and narrowing of blood vessels), which eventually leads to heart attack.


Forget dry eyes. Smoking can lead to cataract

The primary effects of smoking are itchiness, dryness, redness and irritation to the surface of the eyes. On smoking, chemicals enter your blood stream and produce many bi-products. It also affects the eye lens and can cause cataract — particularly nuclear cataract. Pregnant women exposed to smoke are more likely to give birth to babies with a disease known as ‘retinopathy of prematurity’.

Tobacco’s toxins can damage the genetic material in sperm cells 

Men who smoke have a significantly higher risk of developing impotency (erectile dysfunction) than non-smokers. Smoking also leads to lower levels of testosterone, sperm count and libido. Toxins found in tobacco, including cadmium, nicotine, benzopyrene and related by-products, can damage the genetic material in sperm cells.


Smoking causes wrinkles, even change skin colour 

Smoking leads to a wrinkled skin, even changing its colour. The skin around the mouth usually gets wrinkled, and the skin around the eyes develops lines much faster than a non-smoker. Smoking causes narrowing of blood vessels in the outer layer of the skin providing less oxygen and nutrients necessary to maintain its collagen and elastin fibers, leaving it saggy.


Smoking leads to bad breath, discoloured teeth, build plaque and tartar… 

The sheer number of problems smoking causes to your oral cavity should make you quit your habit rightaway. It increases the risk of developing gum disease (shifts the equilibrium of microbes in the oral cavity towards disease causing microbes, a leading cause of tooth loss). It also increases risk of leukoplakia or white patches inside the mouth. It delays healing process following tooth extraction, periodontal treatment, or oral surgery. And yes, oral cancer that tops it all.


Smoking makes your body more toxic

Increasing number of researches support that smoking suppresses our innate and adaptive immune system that helps our body to fight against various diseases. Also a smoker’s body is more toxic due to inhalation of toxic products into the blood stream, thus liver is stressed making body more prone to diseases. It is also found that a smoker’s body contains more auto-antibodies making it more prone to certain autoimmune diseases.


Smoking adversely affects wound healing

Wound healing plays an important role in the success of many forms of treatment and smoking is seen to have reversible but adverse effects on wound healing clinically. Among the many mechanisms that are responsible for delayed wound healing, few of them involve transient effect on tissue micro environment and prolonged effect on inflammatory cell functions.

Lung cancer? Think bladder, breast, pancreas, stomach… cancers too 

Lung cancer is not the only cancer caused by smoking. Almost every part of the body can be affected. Your bladder, breast, stomach, pancreas, ovary, can get affected too.